University of California, Riverside

Bourns College of Engineering



Kambiz Vafai


Faculty Profile

Faculty Profile

Kambiz Vafai

Distinguished Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Kambiz Vafai

Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering
University of California, Berkeley, 1980

Bourns Hall A363
University of California, Riverside
Riverside, CA 92521

Telephone: 951-827-2135
Facsimile: 951-827-2899
E-mail: vafai@engr.ucr.edu
Personal Webpage

Former Institution: Ohio State University

Biography

Professor Kambiz Vafai received his B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Minnesota at Minneapolis in 1975. He received his M.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley in 1977 and his Ph.D. degree in Mechanical Engineering also from the University of California, Berkeley in 1980. He comes to the University of California, Riverside from Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio.

Degree

  • PhD Mechanical Engineering 1980 UC Berkeley

Research Areas

Research interests include transport through porous media, multiphase transport, aircraft brakes, microcantilever based biosensors, biofilms, macromolecule transport through arteries, cooling enhancement investigations, modeling of tissue and organs, natural convection in complex configurations, analysis of porous insulations, heat flux applications, free surface flows, flat-shaped heat pipes, thermal design and modeling, feasibility, optimization and parametric studies for various engineering applications and power electronics. Basic and applied research is conducted in several areas related to heat and mass transfer, such as Fundamental Aspects of Transport through Porous Media, Natural Convection in Open-Ended Configurations, Condensation and Phase Change, Bio Applications, Multiphase Transport through Porous Media, Heat Pipe Analysis as Applied to Flat Shaped Heat Pipes, Flow and Heat Transfer in the Brake Housing of an Aircraft, Heat Transfer and Phase Change Effects on Insulation and in Partial Insulations, and Free Surface Analysis in regular and porous media.

Awards

  • The International Society of Porous Media (InterPore) Highest Award (2011). “In Recognition of Extraordinary Contributions to Porous Media Science, The International Society of Porous Media has Elected Kambiz Vafai an Honorary Lifetime Member”
  • ASME Heat Transfer Memorial Award (2006)
  • Inducted to ISI Highly Cited Category (2/04 –present)
  • Fellow of American Association for Advancement of Science (AAAS) 2002
  • Fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers 8/92
  • Associate Fellow of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 9/98
  • Fellow of World Innovation Foundation (WIF) 10/2003
  • Presidential Chair, University of California, Riverside (7/00-7/02)
  • Classic Paper Award ASME Heat Transfer Division 1999
  • Director/Chair of the Second International Conference on Porous Media and its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry sponsored by NSF and ECI, Kauai, Hawaii (2007)
  • Honorary Editorial Advisory Board-International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer (2/99-Present)
  • Honorary Editorial Advisory Board-International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer (2/99-Present)
  • Editor in Chief- Journal of Porous Media (1/97-Present)
  • Editorial Advisory Board-Numerical Heat Transfer Journal (11/02-Present)
  • Editorial Advisory Board-International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow (3/04-present)
  • Editorial Advisory Board-Experimental Heat Transfer (10/97-Present)
  • Associate Editor of ASME Journal of Heat Transfer (2/94-8/97)
  • Editorial Board for the International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow (8/94-11/97,2/06-present)
  • Editorial Advisory Board-Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering (4/07-present)
  • Editorial Advisory Board-The Open Mechanical Engineering Journal (6/07-present)
  • Chair of the Committee on Heat Transfer in Energy Systems, National ASME (7/07-Present)
  • Holder of three US patents: US patent # 6,457,515; US patent # 6,675,875 ; US patent # 7,288,404
  • Citation in PHOTONICS SPECTRA 2000
  • Citation in Appliance Manufacturer 2000
  • Citation in MRS Bulletin 1999
  • Citation in Inside R&D (John Wiley & Sons) 1999
  • Citation in NEWS IN ENGINEERING 2000
  • Citation in NEWS IN ENGINEERING (The Ohio State University) 1999
  • Citation in The Ohio State University Annual Report, 1999
  • Citation in Research at Ohio State University 19 99
  • Citation in Research News (The Ohio State University) Fall 19 99
  • Citation in Research News (The Ohio State University) Summer19 99
  • Citation in NEWS IN ENGINEERING (The Ohio State University), 1996
  • Citation in NEWS IN ENGINEERING (The Ohio State University), 19 91
  • Citation in NEWS IN ENGINEERING (The Ohio State University) 1986
  • Director/Chair of the First International Conference in Porous Media and Its Applications in Science, Engineering and Industry, sponsored by NSF and ECI , Kona, Hawaii (1996)
  • College of Engineering Outstanding Research Award as Professor, Ohio State University, 1996.
  • College of Engineering Outstanding Research Award as an Associate Professor, Ohio State University, 1991.
  • College of Engineering Outstanding Research Award as an Assistant Professor, Ohio State University, 1986.
  • Owens/Corning Faculty Fellowship, 1985.
  • Chair of the General Papers Committee for the National Heat Transfer Division, ASME 1988-1990
  • Earle C. Anthony Academic Fellowship from the University of California at Berkeley
  • Mary Ann Wheeler Academic Scholarship from the University of California at Berkeley
  • Certificate of Appreciation and high regards of the co-workers by the ASME Board of Governors and the students as the Faculty Advisor, for 1985-1986 and also for 1986-1987.
  • Honor Society Membership: Pi Tau Sigma, Tau Beta Pi, since 1974

Selected Publications

  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “The Effect of the Slip Condition on Stokes and Couette Flows Due to an Oscillating Wall: Exact Solution “ International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics, 39, 795-809 (2004)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Hydromagnetic Squeezed Flow and Heat Transfer Over a Sensor Surface“International Journal of Engineering Science, 42, 509-519 (2004)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “ Analysis of Oscillatory Flow Disturbances and Thermal Characteristics Inside Fluidic Cells Due to Fluid Leakage and Wall Slip Conditions” Journal of Biomechanics, 37, 721-729 (2004)
  • Ali, A., Vafai, K., and Khaled, A.R.A., “Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer between Air and Falling Film in a Cross Flow Configuration “International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 743-755 (2004)
  • Ali, A., Vafai, K., and Khaled, A.R.A., “Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer between Air and Falling Film in a Cross Flow Configuration “International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 743-755 (2004)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Control of Exit Flow and Thermal Conditions Using Two-Layered Thin Films Supported by Flexible Complex Seals“ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 1599-1611 (2004)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Control of Insulating Properties Using Flexible Soft Seals“ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 1745-1760 (2004)
  • Ali, A., and Vafai, K., “An Investigation of Heat and Mass Transfer between Air and Desiccant Film in an Inclined Parallel and Counter Flow Channels“ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 1297-1304 (2004)
  • Haji-Sheik, A., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Flow and Heat Transfer in Porous Media Imbedded Inside Various-Shaped Ducts“International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47, 1889-1905 (2004)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Optimization Modeling of Analyte Adhesion Over an Inclined Microcantilever-Based Biosensor“ Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 14, 1220-1229 (2004)
  • Khanafer, K., Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Spatial Optimization of an Array of Aligned Microcantilever Biosensors “ Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 14, 1328-1336 (2004)
  • Khanafer, K., and Vafai, K., “Geometrical and Flow Configurations for Enhanced Microcantilever Detection Within a Fluidic Cell” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48, 2886-2895 (2005)
  • Ai, L., and Vafai, K., “An Investigation of Stokes Second Problem for Non-Newtonian Fluids“ Numerical Heat Transfer Journal, 47, 955-980 (2005)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Similarity Solutions for Heat Transfer Inside Nonisothermal Squeezed Thin Films “ Numerical Heat Transfer Journal, 48, 2172-2185 (2005)
  • Vafai, K., and Khaled, A.R.A., “Analysis of Flexible Microchannel Heat Sink Systems“ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48, 1739-1746 (2005)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Heat Transfer Enhancement Through Control of Thermal Dispersion Effects” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 48, 2172-2185 (2005)
  • Manca, M., Nardini, S. and Vafai, K., “Experimental Investigation of Mixed Convection in a Channel with an Open Cavity” Experimental Heat Transfer Journal 19, 53-68 (2006)
  • Yang, N., and Vafai, K., “Modeling of Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) Transport in the Artery- Effects of Hypertension” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 49, 850-867 (2006)
  • Ai, L., and Vafai, K., “A Coupling Model for Macromolecule Transport in a Stenosed Arterial Wall” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 49, 1568-1591 (2006)
  • Khanafer, K., and Vafai, K., “The Role of Porous Media in Biomedical Engineering as Related to Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Drug Delivery” Heat and Mass Transfer, 42, 939-953 (2006)
  • Dyko, M. P., and Vafai, K., “Effects of Gravity Modulation on Convection in a Horizontal Annulus” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50, 348-360 (2007)
  • Feyka, S., and Vafai, K., “An Investigation of a Falling Film Desiccant Dehumidification/Regeneration Cooling System ” Heat Transfer Engineering Journal, 28, 163-172 (2007)
  • Abu-Sitta, N.H., Khanafer, K., Vafai, K. and Al-Amiri, A.M. “Combined Forced and Natural Convection Heat Transfer in a Horizontally Counter-Rotating Eccentric and Concentric Cylinders ” In press for Numerical Heat Transfer Journal , 51, 1167-1186 (2007)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Thermally Expandable Flexible Fluidic Thin Film Channels “ ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 129, 813-818 (2007)
  • Vafai, K., Book Review of “Transport Phenomena in Multiphase Systems” by Faghri, A. and Zhang, Y International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50, 2857- 2858 (2007)
  • Manca, M., Nardini, S. and Vafai, K., “Experimental Analysis of Opposing Flow in Mixed Convection in a Channel with an Open Cavity Below” Experimental Heat Transfer Journal , 21, 99-114 (2008)
  • Yang, N., and Vafai, K., “Low density Lipoprotein (LDL) Transport in an Artery-A Simplified Analytical Solution” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 497-505 (2008)
  • Khakpour, M., and Vafai, K., “A Critical Assessment of Arterial Transport Models” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 807-822 (2008)
  • Khakpour, M., and Vafai, K., “A Comprehensive Analytical Solution for Mass Transport within a Multilayer Arterial Wall” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 2905-2913 (2008)
  • Khakpour, M., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Transport Phenomena Within PEM Fuel Cells-An Analytical Solution” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 3712-3723 (2008)
  • Mahjoob, S., Vafai, K., and Beer, N. R., “Rapid Microfluidic Thermal Cycler for Polymerase Chain Reaction Nucleic Acid Amplification” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 2109-2122 (2008)
  • Khakpour, M., and Vafai, K., “Effects of Gender-Related Geometrical Characteristics of Aorta-Iliac Bifurcation on Hemodynamics and Macromolecule Concentration Distribution” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 5542-5551 (2008)
  • Mahjoob, S., and Vafai, K., “A Synthesis of Fluid and Thermal Transport Models for Metal Foam Heat Exchangers” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51, 3701-3711 (2008 Marafie, A, Khanafer, K., Alazmi, B., and Vafai, K., Non-Darcian Effects on the Mixed Convection Heat Transfer in a Metallic Porous Block with a Confined Slot Jet, Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A, 54, 665–685 (2008)
  • Mahjoob, S., and Vafai, K., “Analytical Characterization and Production of an Isothermal Surface for Biological and Electronic Applications” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 131, 052604 PP 1-12 (2009)
  • Shafahi, M., and Vafai, K., “Biofilm Affected Characteristics of Porous Structures” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52, 574-581 (2009)
  • Mahjoob, S., and Vafai, K., “Analytical Characterization of Heat Transport through Biological Media Incorporating Hyperthermia Treatment” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52, 1608-1618 (2009)
  • Zeng, Y. and Vafai, K., “An Investigation of Convective Cooling of an Array of Channel Mounted Obstacles ” Numerical Heat Transfer Journal, 55, 967-982 (2009)
  • Mahjoob, S., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Bioheat Transport Through a Dual Layer Biological Media” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 132, 031101 PP 1-14 (2010)
  • Shafahi, M., Bianco, V., Vafai, K., and Manca, O., “An Investigation of the Thermal Performance of Cylindrical Heat Pipes Using Nanofluids” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 53, 376-383 (2010)
  • Shafahi, M., Bianco, V., Vafai, K., and Manca, O., “An Investigation of the Thermal Performance of Flat-Shaped Heat Pipes Using Nanofluids” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53, 1438-1445 (2010)
  • Shafahi, M., and Vafai, K., “Synthesis of Biofilm Resistance Characteristics Against Antibiotics” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53, 2943-2950 (2010)
  • Vafai, K., “Recent Advances in Porous Media Transport” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 131, article number 100301 (2009)
  • Chung, S., and Vafai, K., “Vibration Induced Mixed Convection in an Open-Ended Obstructed Cavity” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53, 2703-2714 (2010)
  • Shi, W., and Vafai, K., “Mixed Convection in an Obstructed Open-Ended Cavity” Numerical Heat Transfer Journal, 57, 709-729 (2010)
  • Shafahi, M., and Vafai, K., “Human Eye Response to Thermal Disturbances” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 133, 011009 PP 1-7 (2011)
  • Mahjoob, S., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Heat Transfer in Consecutive Variable Cross-Sectional Domains-Applications in Biological Media and Thermal Management” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, , 133, 011006 PP 1-9 (2011)
  • Yang, K., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Temperature Gradient Bifurcation in Porous Media-an Exact Solution” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53, 4316-4325 (2010)
  • Khanafer, K., and Vafai, K., “Microcantilevers in Biomedical and Thermo/fluid Applications” Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, 1, 023004 (2010)
  • Yang, K., and Vafai, K., “Transient Aspects of Heat Flux Bifurcation in a Packed Bed-an Exact Solution” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer,133, 052602 (2011)
  • Yang, K., and Vafai, K., “Restrictions on the Validity of the Thermal Conditions at the Porous-Fluid Interface-an Exact Solution” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, (2011)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Cooling Augmentation using Microchannels with Rotatable Separating Plates” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54, 3732-3739 (2011)
  • Khanafer, K., and Vafai, K., “A Critical Synthesis of Thermophysical Characteristics of Nanofluids ” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, (2011)
  • Yang, K., and Vafai, K., “Restrictions on the Validity of the Thermal Conditions at the Porous-Fluid Interface-an Exact Solution” ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 133, 10.1115/1.4004350 PP 1-12 (2011)
  • Yang, K., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Heat Flux Bifurcation Inside Porous Media Incorporating Inertial and Dispersion Effects-An Exact Solution” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54, PP 5286-5297 (2011)
  • Alizad, K., Vafai, K., and Shafahi, M. “Thermal Performance and Operational Attributes of the Startup Characteristics of Flat-Shaped Heat Pipes using Nanofluids” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2011.08.050 (2011)
  • Klinbun, W., Vafai, K., and Rattanadecho, P., “Electromagnetic Field Effects on Transport Through Porous Media“ International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2011.09.022 (2011)
  • Khaled, A.R.A., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Deflection Enhancement Using Epsilon Assembly Microcantilevers Based Sensors“ Sensors Journal doi:10.3390/s111009260 PP 9260-9274 (2011)
  • Chung, S., and Vafai, K., “Effect of the Fluid-Structure Interactions on Low-Density Lipoprotein within a Multi-Layered Arterial Wall“ Journal of Biomechanics, 45, PP 371-381 (2012)
  • Ellahi, R., Zeeshan, A., Vafai, K. and Rahman, H.U., “Series Solutions for Magnetohydrodynamic Flow of non-Newtonian Nanofluid and Heat Transfer in Coaxial Porous Cylinder with Slip Conditions” Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems doi:10.1177/1740349911429759, 225(3), PP 123-132 (2011)
  • Ellahi, R., Raza, M., Vafai, K., “Series Solutions of non-Newtonian Nanofluid with Reynolds’ Model and Vogel’s Model by Means of the Homotopy Analysis Method “Journal of Mathematical and Computer Modeling, 55, PP 1876-1891 (2012)
  • A. Afsar Khan, R. Ellahi and K. Vafai, Peristaltic transport of Jeffrey fluid with variable viscosity through a porous medium in an asymmetric channel, Advances in Analytical Methods in Mathematical Physics, doi:10.1155/2012/169642, 15 pages, (2012)
  • R. Ellahi, A. Riaz, S. Abbasbandy, T. Hayat and K. Vafai, A study on the mixed convection boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a vertical slender cylinder, Int. J. of Thermal Science, doi: 10.2298/TSCI110923097E
  • Ahmed, U., and Vafai, K., “Analysis of Biofilm Growth in the Presence of Osmotic Pressure and Temperature Effects “International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55, PP 5709-5721 (2012)

More Information 

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University of California, Riverside
900 University Ave.
Riverside, CA 92521
Tel: (951) 827-1012

College Information

Bourns College of Engineering
446 Winston Chung Hall

Tel: (951) 827-5190
Fax: (951) 827-3188
E-mail: collegeinfo@engr.ucr.edu

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